If you do one thing before Christmas…

Email your MSP to demand that Parliament and Government start to address concerns about unconventional gas and fracking now! Take action here.

If you do two things before Christmas, email your MP too!

And if your really up for it, go along to Parliament to demonstrate at 12pm on Thursday 20 December and MSPs that what you’d like from Santa is for some action to stop unconventional gas extraction!

Find out about more about the demo here.

Autumn statement, fracking resumes and some great media coverage!

It’s been a busy fortnight on the fracking front: the Chancellor’s Autumn Statement – in which George Osbourne announced a consultation on tax breaks for shale companies; a new gas strategy; and a new Office of Unconventional Gas – was followed by Ed Davey’s decision that Caudrilla could resume fracking at the site in Lancashire that saw two earth tremors last year; both of which attracted strong coverage in the Scottish media. Continue reading

The results are in…

The good news is that the Environment Committee Report was passed with all the strongest amendments in tact. This report is now fairly robust on the environmental impacts and risks associated with coalbed methane and shale gas. The only downside is that a new amendment proposing a moratorium on fracking didn’t get though – although a third of MEPs voted in favour of it! Continue reading

Dear MEP – vote for a Europe that’s Frack Free!

On 21 November our MEPs will vote on two important reports that deal with unconventional gas.

Much of the important legislation that protects our environment comes from the European Parliament. The outcome of this vote could result in two very different futures for the unconventional gas industry.

Email your MEPs now and ask them to vote for the environment, not the industry, when the reports come to plenary next week.

Act now to stop CBM at Airth!

Dart Energy has progressed its plans for the first commercial production of coalbed methane (CBM) in Scotland by submitting planning applications to Falkirk and Stirling Council for 14 new wells and a network of pipelines at Airth.

It is of great concern that this project could be developed before a comprehensive review of the full life cycle environmental and health impacts of unconventional gas extraction has been undertaken, and before environmental regulations have caught up with the new technologies proposed.

Act now to stop CBM at Airth by objecting to both Falkirk and Stirling Councils.

What the frack?

You’ve probably come across the word fracking in the news recently and wondered if the reality is as ugly as the word. Maybe you’ve heard about the new natural gas boom and wondered what shale gas and coalbed methane mean for our energy needs.

There is a growing body of evidence from the USA, where the unconventional gas industry is far more developed, that there are inherent and unacceptably high environmental and health risks associated with coalbed methane and shale gas extraction.

Un / conventional gas

Natural gas is a fossil fuel that is produced through the decomposition and heating of organic matter over many hundreds of thousands of years. Conventional gas extraction involves drilling vertically through rock formations into gas pockets, from which the gas rises through the borehole and is captured at the wellhead.

However, as these convenient and relatively easily accessed pockets dry up, the industry has been developing ways of extracting gas that is trapped inside the rock formations – known as unconventional gas. The UK has potentially vast reserves of unconventional gas trapped inside shale rock and coal seams. In Scotland, its largely coalbed methane (CBM) that is being exploited.

Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’, is a controversial technique used to exploit unconventional sources of gas, such as shale gas and coal bed methane.  It’s an expensive process which is only economically viable when the price of fossil fuels are high. It involves drilling deep in the earth (up to 20,000 ft in shale, but coal seams are much shallower) and pumping a mix of water, proppants (such as sand) and chemicals (including in some instances highly carcinogenic benzene and formaldehyde) under high pressure into the bore hole to open up fractures and ease the flow of gas for extraction.

Environmental risks

There are many risks associated with unconventional gas extraction around the world. Coalbed methane developments are associated with the risk of leakage of methane – a highly potent greenhouse gas – into the atmosphere and local water environment; the lowering of water tables and subsidence; and problems related to the disposal of contaminated water extracted from coal seams. This is true whether or not fracking takes place.

In developments where fracking is undertaken there is the additional risk of toxic chemicals from the fracking fluid seeping into local water tables, poisoning drinking water for humans and animals, and contaminating agricultural land. Fracking is also known to cause earth tremors which – while unlikely to be felt by people – can cause damage to boreholes and wellheads thereby increasing the risk of methane and chemical leaks.

A key factor of the risks associated with the unconventional gas industry is the ‘multiplier effect’. Unlike conventional gas, coalbed methane and shale gas extraction involves a huge number of wells for each development, meaning that the likelihood of something going wrong is considerably greater.

Climate change

Energy companies like to promote unconventional gas as ‘natural gas’, claiming that it is cleaner than conventional fossil fuels and the obvious answer to our energy needs. However, unconventional gas extraction is more energy intensive than conventional gas extraction and the added risk of methane leakage means it is far from clean. In fact, gas obtained through fracking could have a bigger greenhouse gas footprint than not only conventional gas but as bad as, or worse than, coal which is the dirtiest fossil fuel around.

There hasn’t been a proper assessment of the environmental and health risks associated with unconventional gas extraction – which include climate change emissions and risks to the water environment – nor of public acceptability of these activities. We think it’s essential that a broad, whole life-cycle assessment is undertaken before the industry is allowed to develop further.

This website

This website is a place to get informed about unconventional gas and fracking, what’s happening right now in Scotland, and find out how to take action whether or not there’s a development on your doorstep.